Vintage Instagram

Toronto Vintage Shopping

Before you hit the stores, check out Colleen’s methods for finding great vintage pieces !

Toronto Vintage Clothing Show   @torontovintageclothingshow

Rewind Couture ~

Chosen Vintage ~ @chosenvintage

Gadabout Vintage ~ @gadaboutvintage

Mama Loves You ~ @mamalovesyouvintage

* House of Recollections ~ @houseofrecollections  as mentioned by Vintage_Egyptologist


Other Listening


This Retro Life. It is a podcast that shines a light on individuals who wear retro in their daily lives! You can subscribe for new episodes on iTunes. And of course don’t forget about their instagram presence!


More Vintage Instagrammers ! 

A chronological list of just some of the many cool vintage Instagram accounts out there.

These accounts are as unique as vintage fashion itself!



@virtuous courtesan


























Works Cited

Darnell, Colleen. (vintage_egyptologist). Instagram.

Handley, Kia. This Retro Life. WordPress,

Krämer, Nicole C., and Stephan Winter. “Impression Management 2.0: The Relationship of Self- Esteem, Extraversion,

Self-Efficacy, and Self-Presentation within Social Networking Sites.” Journal of Media Psychology, vol. 20, no. 3,

2008, pp. 106-116.

Lauren. (virtuouscourtesan). Instagram.

Miller-Spillman, Kimberly A., et al. “Dress and the Public, Private and Secret Self Model during Emerging Adulthood.”

Fashion, Style & Popular Culture, vol. 4, no. 3, 2017, pp. 383-401.

Roach-Higgins, Mary E., and Joanne B. Eicher. “Dress and Identity.” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 10, no.

4, 1992, pp. 1-8.

Shumaker, Claire, David Loranger, and Amy Dorie. “Dressing for the Internet: A Study of Female Self-Presentation Via

Dress on Instagram.” Fashion, Style & Popular Culture, vol. 4, no. 3, 2017, pp. 365-382.

Smith, Dina, and José Blanco. “‘I just Don’t Think I Look Right in a Lot of Modern Clothes . ’: Historically Inspired Dress

as Leisure Dress.” Annals of Leisure Research, vol. 19, no. 3, 2016, pp. 347-367

Stryker, Sheldon, and Peter J. Burke. “The Past, Present, and Future of an Identity Theory.” Social Psychology Quarterly,

vol. 63, no. 4, 2000, pp. 284-297.

Tobin, Stephanie J., and Pitchaya Chulpaiboon. “The Role of Social Connection in Satisfaction with Instagram

Photographs.” Translational Issues in Psychological Science, vol. 2, no. 3, 2016, pp. 303-312.

Ask Me How I Feel: The Phenomenology of Fabric

This podcast would not be possible without my special guest Vathsala Illesinghe. I want to thank her for investing her time into my project. Thank you Vathsala, it was lovely to spend this time with you. I wish we had the “air time” to share our entire 45-minute conversation!

Elissa and her team at CJRU | The Scope at Ryerson were of tremendous assistance to me during the recording and production of this podcast. Thank you for your support!

Vathsala, lecturing in Sri Lanka.






Vathsala with conference participants, notice that all the women are wearing saris, Sri Lanka.
Vathsala in Canada. Official Ryerson University photo.


Bannerjee, Mukulika, and Daniel Miller. The Sari. Oxford: Berg Publishers, 2003. Print.

Negrin, Llewellyn. “Maurice Meleau-Ponty: The Corporeal Experience of Fashion.” Thinking Through Fashion. Ed. Agnes Rocamora and Anneke Smelik. London, New York: I.B. Tauris & Co. Ltd., 2016. 310. Print.

Tarlo, Emma. Clothing Matters: Dress and Identity in India. London: C. Hurst & Co. (Publishers) Ltd., 1996. Print.

Woodward, Sophie. Why Women Wear What They Wear. N.p., 2007. Web.


Podcasts with Parker: The Fashion Exhibition Craze

Massive Crowds at Met’s Alexander McQueen: Savage Beauty. Josh Harner. New York Times. 29 July 2011.

Fashion exhibitions have grown to be a huge event in the recent decade both within the fashion and museum worlds.  Through this podcast, I examine the potential reasons for their success.



Bourdieu, Pierre.  “Haute Couture and Haute Culture.”  In Sociology in Question.  London: Sage, 1993.

Bourdieu, Pierre.  “The Forms of Capital.”  In Handbook of Theory and Research for the Sociology of Education.  New York: Greenwood, 1986: 241-258.

Bourdieu, Pierre with Alain Darbel and Dominique Schnapper.  The Love of Art: European Art Museums and their Public. Cambridge: Polity, 1990.

Bowles, Hamish.  Vogue & the Metropolitan Museum of Art Costume Institute: Parties, Exhibitions, People.  New York: Abrams, 2014.

Clark, Judith and Amy de la Haye with Jeff Horsley.  Exhibition Fashion: Before and After 1971.  New Haven: Yale University Press, 2014.

Christin, Angèle.  “Gender and highbrow cultural participation in the United States.”  Poetics, vol. 40 (2012): 423-443.

DiMaggio, Paul.  “Art art-museum visitors different from other people? The relationship between attendance and social and political attitudes in the United States.” Poetics, Vol. 24 (1996): 161-180.

DiMaggio, Paul and Toqir Mukhtar.  “Arts participation as cultural capital in the United States, 1982–2002: Signs of decline?” Poetics, Vol. 32 (2004): 169-194.

Dowd, Maureen.  “‘Heavenly Bodies,’ the Met’s Biggest Show Ever, Earns Its Hallelujahs.”  Vogue.  11 April 2018.

Greenberger, Alex.  “A Look at the Met’s Top 10 Most Visited Exhibitions of All Time.  Art News.  09 December 2015.

Kuldova, Tereza.  “Fashion exhibition as a critique of contemporary museum exhibitions: The case of ‘Fashion India: Spectacular Capitalism.”  Critical Studies in Fashion and Beauty, Vol. 5, No. 2 (2014): 313-335.

Melchoir, Marie Riegels and Birgitta Svensson (eds.).  Fashion and Museums: Theory and Practice.  London: Bloomsbury, 2014.

Menkes, Suzy.  “Gone Global: Fashion as Art?”  New York Times. 04 July 2011.

Palmer, Alexandra.  “Untouchable: Creating Desire and Knowledge in Museum Costume and Textile Exhibitions.” Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture.  12:1 (2008): 31-63.

Rocamora, Agnès.  “Pierre Bourdieu: The Field of Fashion.”  In Thinking Through Fashion: A Guide to Key Theorists, eds. Agnès Rocamora and Anneke Smelik.  London: I.B. Tauris, 2016: 233-250. 

Steele, Valerie. “A Museum of Fashion is More Than a Clothes-Bag.” Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture. 2 (1998): 327–336.

Steele, Valerie. “Museum Quality: The Rise of the Fashion Exhibition.”  Fashion Theory: The Journal of Dress, Body & Culture.  12:1 (2008): 7-30.

The First Monday in May.  Directed by Andrew Rossi.  2016: Magnolia Pictures.  Film.

Vänskä, Annamari and Hazel Clark (eds.).  Fashion Curating: Critical Practice in the Museum and Beyond.  New York: Bloomsbury, 2017.

Wilson, Eric.  “At the Met, McQueen’s Final Showstopper.”  New York Times.  29 July 2011.

Behind the Fascination With the Royal Wardrobe

Meghan Markle (left) and the Duchess of Cambridge during the first Royal Foundation Forum in central London. (Picture: Press Association).


Works Cited

Adam, Hajo, and Adam D. Galinsky. “Enclothed cognition.” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology 48.4 (2012): 918-925.

Braudillard, Jean. “Post-modern Fashion as the End of Meaning”. Thinking Through Fashion, edited by Agnes Rocamora and Anneke Smelik (eds.) London: I.B. Tauris, 2015, pp. 215-232.

Cheng, Andrea. How Brands Are Keeping Up with The Meghan Markle Effect, Fashionista, 14 December 2017. 04 December 2018.

Church Gibson, Pamela. “New patterns of emulation: Kate, Pippa and Cheryl.”Celebrity Studies, 2.3 (2011): 358-360.

Couldry, Nick, and Tim Markham. “Celebrity culture and public connection: bridge or chasm?” International Journal of Cultural Studies 10.4 (2007): 403-421.

Gidick, Sarah. The Get: A Shoppable Look Back at Princess Diana’s Iconic Style, Hollywood Reporter, 15 August 2017. 04 February 2018.

Harwood, Erika. How the “Kate Effect” May Have Shut Down This Popular Brand,

Vanity Fair, 22 February 2017. 03 February 2018.

Henley, Tara. The Kate Effect: Designers open up about how the royal has impacted their Business, Hello Magazine, 22 August 2017. 03 February 2018.

Kopytoff, Igor. “The cultural biography of things: commoditization as process.” The social life of things: Commodities in cultural perspective, 68 (1986): 70-73. Leaper, Caroline. The Truth Behind ‘The Meghan Markle Effect’ on Our Wardrobes,

Telegraph, 26 December 2017. 04 February 2018.

Liao, Marina. This Is What the “Meghan Markle Effect” Looks Like for Fashion Brands — and It’s Kind of Nuts, Pop Sugar, 16 January 2018. 04 February 2018.

Lipovetsky, Gilles. “The Empire of Fashion: Dressing Modern Democracy.” Fashion Theory: A Reader, edited by Malcolm Barnard, Routledge, 2007, pp. 25-32. Print.

McCormack, Kirsty. It’s the Kate Effect! Duchess of Cambridge’s £292 dress sells out in eight Minutes, Express, 17 April 2014. 26 February 2018.

McCracken, Grant David. Culture and consumption: New approaches to the symbolic character of consumer goods and activities. Vol. 1. Indiana University Press, 1990.

Riello, Giorgio. “The object of fashion: methodological approaches to the history of fashion.” Journal of Aesthetics & Culture 3.1 (2011): 8865, pp. 1-9.

Roberts, Embry. Meghan Markle is bringing these Canadian fashion brands into the spotlight, Today, 05 December 2017. 03 February 2018.

Schouten, John W., and James H. McAlexander. “Subcultures of consumption: An ethnography of the new bikers.” Journal of consumer research, 22.1 (1995): 43-61.

The Canadian Press. Meghan Markle wore this Aritzia dress to the Invictus Games. Now it’s sold out., National Post, 29 September 2017. 26 February 2018. 26 February 2018.

Trigg, Andrew B. “Veblen, Bourdieu, and conspicuous consumption.” Journal of economic issues 35.1 (2001): 99-115.

Twomey, Rebecca. Kate Middleton Causes A 500% Surge in Topshop Dress Sales, Marie Claire, 07 March 2013. 26 February 2018.

Warner, Helen. “Fashion, celebrity and cultural workers: SJP as cultural intermediary.” Media, Culture & Society 35.3 (2013): 382-391.


The music used is called Jazzy French, part of the Royalty Free Music Library by Bensound.

Revealing Nike’s Branding Secrets: How They Manipulate Us


Additional Images

Nike’s activation booth at ComplexCon


Interchangeable shoelaces from the Nike and Off-White collaboration

The Nike and Off-White Blazer Mids next to the interchangeable laces. Source:
Edward’s Nike and Off-White Prestos with green and white laces. Source: Edward Vuong


Nike’s retail store in Soho, New York City

The exterior of the Nike store in Soho, New York City. Source:
Testing Nike shoes in the store’s mini basketball court. Source:




Adam, Hajo, and Adam D. Galinsky. “Enclothed Cognition,” Journal of Experimental Social Psychology, vol. 48, no. 4 2012, pp.918-925.

Barthes, Roland. The Fashion System. University of California Press, 1990.

Barnard, Malcolm. Fashion as Communication. Routledge, 2002.

Conway, Michael. “You Can Make Any Sneakers Look Like the Virgil Abloh x Nike ‘The Ten’ Collab With These Laces.” Footwear News, Accessed 24 Feb. 2018.

Cova, Bernard, et al. Consumer Tribes. Butterworth-Heinemann, 2007.

“First Look: Inside Nike Soho.” Nike, 9 Nov. 2016,

Goffman, Erving. The Presentation of Self in Everyday Life. Penguin, 1990.

Gruen, Thomas W., et al. “eWOM: The Impact of Customer-to-Customer Online Know-How Exchange on Customer Value and Loyalty.” Journal of Business Research, vol. 59, no. 4, Elsevier, Apr. 2006, pp. 449–56, doi:10.1016/J.JBUSRES.2005.10.004.

Merleau-Ponty, Maurice, and Donalt A. Landes. Phenomenology of Perception. Routledge, 2014.

“Nike’s ComplexCon Booth Encouraged Creative Expression” Youtube, uploaded by Complex New, 6 Nov 2017,

Prahalad, C. K., and Venkat Ramaswamy. “Co-Creation Experiences: The Next Practice in Value Creation.” Journal of Interactive Marketing, vol. 18, no. 3, 2004, pp. 5-14.

Solis, Brian. What’s the Future of Business?: Changing the Way Businesses Create Experiences. John Wiley & Sons, 2013.

Theng So, Jing, Andrew Grant Parsons, and Sheau-Fen Yap. “Corporate Branding, Emotional Attachment and Brand Loyalty: The Case of Luxury Fashion Branding.” Journal of Fashion Marketing and Management: An International Journal, vol. 17, no. 4, 2013, pp. 403-423.


Music Citations

Karud, Joakim. “That Day.” Youtube, uploaded by AudioLibrary, 21 July 2016,

—- “By The Croft.” Youtube, uploaded by AudioLibrary, 18 Sept 2016,


Millennials: In Their Spare Time


Title Page Image: International Women’s Day 2017 Greens/EFA MEP knitting session and group photo on International Women’s Day – 8 March 2017 Photo credits: Greens/EFA Group 2017 JB Pierini/ Claudio Cutarelli. Accessed 22 Apr. 2018.


Fig. 1. The craft of pierogi making – The Ukrainian Baba at work Accessed 8 Feb. 2018.


86 Nassau Street
Toronto, ON M5T 1M5
(416) 603-2338


Works Cited

Brody, Jane. “The Health Benefits of Knitting”, Accessed 8 Feb 2018.

Fromm, Jeff.  “Generation Y has become Generation DIY”, Accessed 8 Feb 2018.

Gibson, Miriam. “Crafting Communities of Practice: The Relationship between Making and Learning.” International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 2018, pp. 1-11.

Jefferies, Janis. “Crocheted Strategies: Women Crafting their Own Communities.” Textile, vol. 14, no. 1, 2016, pp. 14-35.

Kopytoff, Igor. “The Cultural biography of things: Commoditization as process” The Social Life of Things Commodities in cultural perspective. Arjun Appadurai. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986, pp. 65-91.

Knouse, Stephanie M., and Laurel Abreu. “Using Pinterest to Facilitate the Learning of Culture.” NECTFL Review, vol. 77, 2016, pp. 15.

Kwon, Bo-Ram, and Junyeong Lee. “What Makes a Maker: The Motivation for the Maker Movement in ICT.” Information Technology for Development, vol. 23, no. 2, 2017, pp. 318-18.

Luckman, Susan. “The Aura of the Analogue in a Digital Age: Women’s Crafts, Creative Markets and Home-Based Labour After Etsy.” Cultural Studies Review, vol. 19, no. 1, 2013.

Macdonald, Brenna. Personal interview. 11 April 2018.

O’Neill, Maggie, et al. “Slow Movement/ Slow University: Critical Engagements: Introduction to the Thematic Section.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, vol. 15, no. 3, 2014, pp. 15:3<9;9;.

Ott, Robert. “Mass Exodus 2018 Welcome Speech” Mass Exodus Runway Presentation, 6, April 2018, Daniel Spectrum, Toronto, ON. Keynote Address.

Peppler, Kylie, and Sophia Bender. “Maker Movement Spreads Innovation One Project at a Time.” The Phi Delta Kappan, vol. 95, no. 3, 2013, pp. 22-27.

Rudkowski, Janice. Personal interview. 11 April 2018.

Stannard, Casey R., and Eulanda A. Sanders. “Motivations for Participation in Knitting among Young Women.” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 33, no. 2, 2015, pp. 99-114.

Unterfrauner, Elisabeth, and Christian Voigt. “Makers’ Ambitions to do Socially Valuable Things.” The Design Journal, vol. 20, no. sup1, 2017, pp. S3317.

Vossoughi, S., Hooper, P. K., & Escudé, M. (2016). Making through the lens of culture and power: Toward transformative visions for educational equity. Harvard Educational Review, 86(2), 206-232,307-309. Retrieved from


What Makes Costume Impactful – Historical Elements

Works Cited

“Producing Gone With The Wind: Costumes – The Ball Gown.” Harry Ransom Center. Accessed March 14, 2018.

“” Accessed March 09, 2018.

Blasco, Erin, November 30, 2013. “Five questions with Susan Hilferty, costume designer for “WICKED”.” National Museum of American History. December 12, 2014. Accessed March 09, 2018.

Carlson, Jane. “A Look Back at the Costumes From ‘My Fair Lady’.” The Hollywood Reporter. October 27, 2015. Accessed March 09, 2018.

Degeyter, Heather. “Upstairs and Downstairs: British Costume Drama Television from The Forsyte Saga to Downton Abbey.” The Journal of Popular Culture 49, no. 3 (June 2016): 678-91. doi:doi: 10.1111/jpcu.12427.

Dirix, Emmanuelle. “Birds of Paradise: Feathers, Fetishism and Costume in Classical Hollywood.” Film, Fashion & Consumption 3, no. 1 (March 2014): 15-29. doi:10.1386/ffc.3.1.15_1.

Erving Goffman, “Embodied Information in Face-to- Face Interaction” from Behavior in Public Places (1963), in The Body: A Reader, Pages 82-86.

Kosin, Julie. “Game of Thrones Costume Designer Michele Clapton Talks Season 7.” Harper’s Bazaar. August 27, 2017. Accessed March 9, 2018.

Manning, Emily. “Revisiting ‘romeo Juliet’s’ Epic Style Legacy, from Pink Hair to Prada Wedding Suits.” I-d. November 01, 2016. Accessed March 25, 2018.

Sheppard, Elena. “We talked to the woman behind the epic costumes in “The Huntsman: Winter’s War”.” HelloGiggles. April 20, 2016. Accessed March 11, 2018.

Fashion Photography and the Female Gaze

Hi, welcome to Fashion-alyze This, the podcast dedicated to analyzing fashion through a different lens each week, and this week is all about fashion photography. I’m your host Adriana Monachino, and today we’re switching up our Raybans and bifocals for a new pair of specs. In just a moment, we’re going to throw on our culture anthropologist glasses and analyze the way women in particular have historically been depicted in fashion images, what these depictions say about women and societal gender codes, and how these depictions have transformed with the phenomenon of the female gaze. And, finally, we’re going to look at how the female gaze not only pertains to fashion photography, but also influences women’s current representation and role in the fashion industry.


Sarah Moon Photography (from top to bottom): “Adriana Pour Watanabe” (2000), “L’ange des studio” (2001), “Fashion 11” (1996).

Kiera Knightley for Coco Mademoiselle

Prada’s ready-to-wear Spring Summer 2018 line

Follow @fashion_alyzethis on Instagram for more photos!

Works Cited

Jansen, Charlotte. “Girl on Girl: The Age of the Female Gaze.” CNN, Cable News Network, 10 Apr. 2017,

Jhally, Sut, director. The Codes of Gender. 13 Oct. 2010.

Larson, Kristin. “The Female Gaze.” Wwd, vol. 208, no. 108, Nov 24, 2014, pp. 15. ProQuest,

Moon, Sarah. Adriana Pour Watanabe. London, England, 2000,   

Mower, Sarah. “Prada Spring 2018 Ready-to-Wear Fashion Show.” Vogue, 7 Dec. 2017,   

National Endowment for the Arts. “Artists and Arts Workers in the United States.” Oct. 2011, pp. 1–46., doi:

Rebelo, Britani, director. Austin Powers Part 2 Edited. YouTube, 4 Mar. 2012,

“Sarah Moon.” Michael Hoppen Gallery,

Twigg, Melissa. “Why Woman Creative Directors Are a Rare Breed in Fashion Industry.” South China Morning Post, 9 May 2017,

Grappling With Identity in Professional Wrestling

Hello and welcome to Grappling with Gender, a podcast about fashion, women and wrestling. In this podcast I will be examining the world of women’s wrestling through an interview conducted with two local wrestlers, Jody Threat and Jessie Mack. Listen in to find out more about how gender, dress and roleplaying in the ring help create the fantasy and theatre that is wrestling.

In this podcast you will also hear the E.P. “In Your House” from local wrestling inspired metal band- PowerBomb. PowerBomb can be found by clicking the link to their website below.

Works Cited

  • Barthes, Roland. “The World of Wrestling.” Mythologies, 1972 ed., Editions du Seuil, Paris, 1957, pp. 15–25.
  • Canella, Gino. “Occupy Raw: Pro Wrestling Fans, Carnivalesque, and the Commercialization of Social Movements.” The Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 49, no. 6, 2016, pp. 1375– 1392. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/jpcu.12492.
  • Connick, Rob. “WWE Raw: Road to Summerslam and WWE Raw Live Review.” Theatre Journal, vol. 62, no. 1, Mar. 2010, pp. 118–120. Project Muse, doi:10.1353/tj.0.0331.
  • Craven, Gerald, and Richard Moseley. “Actors on the Canvas Stage: The Dramatic Conventions of Professional Wrestling.” The Journal of Popular Culture, VI, no. 2, 1972, pp. 326– 336. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1972.0602_326.x.
  • Rickard, John. ““The Spectacle of Excess”: The Emergence of Modern Professional Wrestling in the United States and Australia.” The Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 33, no. 1, June 1999, pp. 129–137. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/j.0022-3840.1999.3301_129.x.
  • Roberts, J. H. “‘Don’t Call Me White’: Fashioning Sami Zayn’s Arabic and Transnational Identities.” Critical Studies in Men’s Fashion, vol. 2, no. 2, 2015, pp. 213–223. ProQuest, doi: 10.1386/csmf.2.2-3.213_1.
  • Sisjord, Mari Kristin, and Elsa Kristiansen. “Elite Women Wrestlers Muscles.” International Review for the Sociology of Sport, vol. 44, no. 2-3, 2009, pp. 231–246., doi: 10.1177/1012690209335278.
  • Soulliere, Danielle M. “Wrestling with Masculinity: Messages about Manhood in the WWE.” Sex Roles, vol. 55, no. 1-2, July 2006, pp. 1–11., doi:10.1007/s11199-006-9055-6.
  • Taylor, Joy T. “‘You Can’t See Me,’ or Can You?: Unpacking John Cena’s Performance of Whiteness in World Wrestling Entertainment.” The Journal of Popular Culture, vol. 47, no. 2, 26 Apr. 2014, pp. 307–326. Wiley Online Library, doi:10.1111/jpcu.12123.
  • Walton, Theresa. “Pinned by Gender Construction?: Media Representations of Girls’ Wrestling.” Women in Sport and Physical Activity Journal, vol. 14, no. 2, 2005, pp. 52–68. ProQuest, doi:10.1123/wspaj.14.2.52.
  • “Wrestling dropped from 2020 Games.” ESPN, ESPN Internet Ventures, 14 Feb. 2013, olympics.

Figured Fashion




























































*Thank you to the lovely folks at CJRU 1280AM for giving me not one, but two overviews on how to record in the booth, and for lending me a USB key so I could actually take my audio home!




Apatoff, Alex. “1992 Winter Olympics.” Tonya Harding’s Most Memorable Skating Costumes, People, 6 Dec. 2017,

Carty, Victoria. “Textual Portrayals of Female Athletes: Liberation or Nuanced Forms of Patriarchy? Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies 26.2 (2005): 132-155.

“Competition Officials.” Judging System,

Chisholm, Ann. “Acrobats, Contortionists, and Cute Children: The Promise and Perversity of U.S. Women’s Gymnastics.” Signs 27.2 (2002): 415-450.

Daniels, Elizabeth A. “Sexy Versus Strong: What Girls and Women Think of Female Athletes.” Journal of Applied Developmental Psychology, vol. 33, no. 2, 2012, pp. 79–90.,

Facciotti, Gabriele. “Ranking the Winter Olympic Sports.”, John W. Henry, 7 Feb. 2018

Feder, Abigail M. “”A Radiant Smile from the Lovely Lady”: Overdetermined Femininity in “Ladies” Figure Skating” TDR 38.1 (1994): 62-78.

Feder, Abigail M. “Big Girls Do Cry: Femininity and ‘Toughness’ in the Kerrigan-Harding Affair.” TDR, vol. 38, no. 3, 1994, p. 17.

Graydon, Jan. “”But it’s more than a game. It’s an institution” Feminist Perspectives on Sport.” Feminist Review 13 (1983): 5-16.

Grindstaff, Laura and Emily West. “Cheerleading and the Gendered Politics of Sport.” Social Problems 53.4 (2006): 500-518.

Kim, Kayoung, and Michael Sagas. “Athletic or Sexy? A Comparison of Female Athletes and Fashion Models in Sports Illustrated Swimsuit Issues.” Gender Issues, vol. 31, 29 Mar. 2014, pp. 123–141.

Koivula, Nathalie. “Gender Stereotyping in Televised Media Sport Coverage.” Sex Roles, vol. 41, no. 7-8, 1999, pp. 589–604.

O’Neill, Tracy. The Case Against Fancy Figure-Skating Outfits. 19 February 2014. The Atlantic Monthly Group. 5 February 2018.

Skillen, Fiona. “It’s Possible to Play the Game Marvellously and at the Same Time Look Pretty and Be Perfectly Fit’: Sport, Women and Fashion in Inter-War Britain.” Costume, vol. 46, no. 2, 2012, pp. 165–179.

Tseelon, Efrat. “Erving Goffman: Social Science as an Art of Cultural Observation.” Rocamora, Agnes and Anneke Smelik. Thinking Through Fashion: A Guide to Key Theorists. London & New York: I.B.Tauris & Co., 2016. 149-164.

Tynan, Jane. “Michel Foucault: Fashioning the Body Politic.” Rocamora, Agnes and Anneke Smelik. Thinking Through Fashion: A Guide to Key Theorists. London & New York: I.B.Tauris & Co., 2016. 184-199.

Wissinger, Elizabeth. “Judith Butler: Fashion and Performativity.” Rocamora, Agnes and Anneke Smelik. Thinking Through Fashion: A Guide to Key Theorists. London & New York: I.B.Tauris & Co., 2016. 285-299.

Wughalter, Emily. “Ruffles and Flounces: The Apologetic in Women’s Sports.” Frontiers: A Journal of Women’s Studies 3.1 (1978): 11-13.



Royalty free music provided by YouTube Creator Studio Audio Library

Minelli, Liza. “Mein Herr.” Cabaret, 2002.

Pief, Edith. “Sous Le Ciel De Paris.” 1951.

Tchaikovsky, Pyotr. “Swan Lake Op. 20” 1875,