Millennials: In Their Spare Time


Title Page Image: International Women’s Day 2017 Greens/EFA MEP knitting session and group photo on International Women’s Day – 8 March 2017 Photo credits: Greens/EFA Group 2017 JB Pierini/ Claudio Cutarelli. Accessed 22 Apr. 2018.


Fig. 1. The craft of pierogi making – The Ukrainian Baba at work Accessed 8 Feb. 2018.


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Works Cited

Brody, Jane. “The Health Benefits of Knitting”, Accessed 8 Feb 2018.

Fromm, Jeff.  “Generation Y has become Generation DIY”, Accessed 8 Feb 2018.

Gibson, Miriam. “Crafting Communities of Practice: The Relationship between Making and Learning.” International Journal of Technology and Design Education, 2018, pp. 1-11.

Jefferies, Janis. “Crocheted Strategies: Women Crafting their Own Communities.” Textile, vol. 14, no. 1, 2016, pp. 14-35.

Kopytoff, Igor. “The Cultural biography of things: Commoditization as process” The Social Life of Things Commodities in cultural perspective. Arjun Appadurai. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1986, pp. 65-91.

Knouse, Stephanie M., and Laurel Abreu. “Using Pinterest to Facilitate the Learning of Culture.” NECTFL Review, vol. 77, 2016, pp. 15.

Kwon, Bo-Ram, and Junyeong Lee. “What Makes a Maker: The Motivation for the Maker Movement in ICT.” Information Technology for Development, vol. 23, no. 2, 2017, pp. 318-18.

Luckman, Susan. “The Aura of the Analogue in a Digital Age: Women’s Crafts, Creative Markets and Home-Based Labour After Etsy.” Cultural Studies Review, vol. 19, no. 1, 2013.

Macdonald, Brenna. Personal interview. 11 April 2018.

O’Neill, Maggie, et al. “Slow Movement/ Slow University: Critical Engagements: Introduction to the Thematic Section.” Forum Qualitative Sozialforschung, vol. 15, no. 3, 2014, pp. 15:3<9;9;.

Ott, Robert. “Mass Exodus 2018 Welcome Speech” Mass Exodus Runway Presentation, 6, April 2018, Daniel Spectrum, Toronto, ON. Keynote Address.

Peppler, Kylie, and Sophia Bender. “Maker Movement Spreads Innovation One Project at a Time.” The Phi Delta Kappan, vol. 95, no. 3, 2013, pp. 22-27.

Rudkowski, Janice. Personal interview. 11 April 2018.

Stannard, Casey R., and Eulanda A. Sanders. “Motivations for Participation in Knitting among Young Women.” Clothing and Textiles Research Journal, vol. 33, no. 2, 2015, pp. 99-114.

Unterfrauner, Elisabeth, and Christian Voigt. “Makers’ Ambitions to do Socially Valuable Things.” The Design Journal, vol. 20, no. sup1, 2017, pp. S3317.

Vossoughi, S., Hooper, P. K., & Escudé, M. (2016). Making through the lens of culture and power: Toward transformative visions for educational equity. Harvard Educational Review, 86(2), 206-232,307-309. Retrieved from


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